Discussion Guide for Job 22-25

Read Job Online

Bildad unwittingly asks one of the most important questions found in the Bible in Job 25:4.

“How then can man be in the right before God?
How can he who is born of woman be pure?”

This question is brought up in different forms many times throughout the book of Job. Usually it is intended as a rhetorical question.

The sense is “God is perfect and powerful and high in the heavens. It’s stupid to believe that he cares about your righteousness or would ever accept you into his presence.”

Job and his friends are all seeming to question whether God even cares all that much about Job’s righteousness. If their God cares, it is only so that he can stand ready to punish them for specific sins.

Read Psalm 24 Together as a Group

How would you describe the God of Psalm 24?

  • Is He powerful or weak?
  • Far away or close by?
  • Desiring of our praise or dismissive of us as His creation?

The most painful part of Job’s trial is that he is desperately seeking the assurance of the justification of God and is having trouble finding it.

Wayne Grudem defines justification this way, “Justification is an instantaneous legal act of God in which he 1) thinks of our sins as forgiven and Christ’s righteousness as belonging to us, and 2) declares us to be righteous in his sight.”1

Thank God that he also gave us a testimony about Jesus Christ!

The Gospel says that because of the work of Jesus, we can be righteous and acceptable before God.

We owe a great debt to Martin Luther for his perseverance in recovering the Gospel for the church in the 1500s.

One of Luther’s great tasks was to help people understand the Gospel in such a way that it would not be confused with the traditions of the church. He taught us some important phrases to explain what it means to be a child of God.

Perhaps the most important of these was Simul Justus et Peccator.  It explains how a person could be a sinner and made righteous.

The late theologian, R.C. Sproul, does an excellent job explaining that phrase in this short video.

Read the full transcript here.

Discussion Questions

  • Have you felt the impossibility of reaching God’s standard of righteousness?
  • Do you think Job is wrong for the way he feels in chapters 23 & 24?
  • What information do we know about righteousness that Job didn’t?
  • How do you make sense of the contradiction that we can be sinners and righteous at the same time?
  • How is God teaching you to live in his righteousness?

Jonathan Pugh

Associate Pastor: Life Groups & Church Partnership
Jonathan Pugh

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  1. Wayne Grudem, Systematic Theology, Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1994. 723.

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