What is the Lord’s Supper/Eucharist?

We are all familiar with the ancient Christian ordinance of the Lord’s Supper. The way that Mark presents this first Lord’s Supper is very important for us to understand the meaning of what it means to be saved by Jesus. We celebrated the Lord’s Supper as part of our worship on Sunday. For a recent blog post explaining our church’s belief on the Lord’s Supper you can visit our blog “The Difference.”

What was the Passover?

The first Lord’s Supper is also the final Passover meal. The Passover was a festival of Israel that looked backward to the events of Exodus 12 and 13. Mark presents this anew in 14:12-25 so that we understand that Jesus the greatest and final Passover lamb. Austin points out in his sermon that the themes of darkness/betrayal and light/faithfulness are put on full display for us to celebrate.

A Better Moses?

We find repeatedly in Scripture that Jesus is compared to Moses in a greater and more fulfilling way. Think back to how Jesus fed the people in the wilderness and we recounted how this is meant to hearken back to Moses. You will do well to review the discussion guide from that week.

Here are some of the ways Jesus is compared

  • Jesus crosses a sea (like the Red Sea)
  • The crowd follows Jesus into the wilderness (Like the Exodus)
  • Jesus uses the wilderness to teach the people (like Mount Sinai)
  • The people are hungry, and God miraculously provides food (like manna)
  • The people are all satisfied (the Israelites never starved in 40 years)
  • The people are organized into groups (like Moses appointing elders)
  • The number of leftover baskets is twelve (the number of tribes is twelve)

As we remember this last Passover/First Supper, it should cause us to reflect on the greatness and finality of the new covenant instituted by Jesus.

Discussion Questions

  • How is the Christian observance of the Lord’s Supper similar to Passover, how is it different?
  • What are your thoughts and feelings when you take the Lord’s Supper?
  • How are darkness and light both portrayed in the Lord’s Supper?
  • In what ways are Jesus the new and better Moses?
  • How do you think Moses would have reacted if he were in the room with the disciples in Mark 14?
  • Do you feel like you have gained a deeper appreciation for Jesus after reading this text?
  • How does the finality of Jesus’ sacrifice impact your life today?

Related Message: Betrayal & Sacrifice: The Last Supper