10 November 2021
Series: Recharge
Book: Mark

Jesus is the Greater

Bible Passage: Mark 14:12-25

What makes Jesus greater than Moses, the old covenant, or any of the high priests who came before him?  #Recharge

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Jesus is the Greater

We are all familiar with the ancient Christian ordinance of the Lord’s Supper. The way that Mark presents this first Lord’s Supper is very important for us to understand the meaning of what it means to be saved by Jesus. The first Lord’s Supper is also the final Passover meal. 

The Passover was a festival of Israel that looked backward to the events of Exodus 12 and 13. Mark presents this anew in 14:12-25 so that we understand that Jesus the greatest and final Passover lamb.

Let’s read Mark 14:12-25 and discuss the parallels between the first and the last Passover.

This is not unusual for the Gospels to interpret Jesus as the fulfillment of an aspect of the Torah (the first 5 books). In fact, we have an entire book in the New Testament that is dedicated to showing us how Jesus is, in fact, the point of the Torah. In so many ways Jesus is the greater and better.

Several weeks ago, we talked about the significance of Jesus as the son of David. In Mark 12 Jesus confounds the Scribes by asking them a question about how David can call his son Lord….with the very obvious implication that Jesus is the greatest king of the line of David.

This week, we want to focus on the book of Hebrews. Here we find some critical figures that Jesus is the greater and better than…

  1. Jesus is the greater high priest.
  2. Jesus is the greater Moses
  3. Jesus is the greater Passover lamb, of a greater covenant

Let’s start with Aaron (Exodus 28). Priest under the Mosaic covenant. The whole point of that covenant is to set apart God as holy. 

What is the function of a priest? To stand as an intercessor between sinful man and holy God. 

Leviticus 16 is the perfect example as it relates to the role of the priest.

The Lord spoke to Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they drew near before the Lord and died, 2 and the Lord said to Moses, “Tell Aaron your brother not to come at any time into the Holy Place inside the veil, before the mercy seat that is on the ark, so that he may not die. For I will appear in the cloud over the mercy seat. 3 But in this way Aaron shall come into the Holy Place: with a bull from the herd for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering. 4 He shall put on the holy linen coat and shall have the linen undergarment on his body, and he shall tie the linen sash around his waist, and wear the linen turban; these are the holy garments. He shall bathe his body in water and then put them on.

The priest was supposed to be one of the people to make atonement for the sins of the people on their behalf. This was clearly the function of Jesus.

Hebrews 2:17-18

Therefore he had to be made like his brothers in every respect, so that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in the service of God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people. 18 For because he himself has suffered when tempted, he is able to help those who are being tempted.

But we see in Leviticus that the Aaronic priests were failures from almost before they started. And besides, they could not be greater than Abraham. Hebrews points to a somewhat obscure priest-king.

Read Hebrews 7

What makes Jesus the better priest? His full deity and full humanity combined into one person. Only the God-man can be this perfect priest to mediate between perfect God and sinful man.

We next want to focus on how Jesus is the greater Moses. We the Gospels of Matthew and Mark compare Jesus as the new Moses constantly. Here is a list from previous in our teaching in Mark.

  • Jesus crosses a sea (like the Red Sea)
  • The crowd follows Jesus into the wilderness (Like the Exodus)
  • Jesus uses the wilderness to teach the people (like Mount Sinai)
  • The people are hungry, and God miraculously provides food (like manna)
  • The people are all satisfied (the Israelites never starved in 40 years)
  • The people are organized into groups (like Moses appointing elders)
  • The number of leftover baskets is twelve (the number of tribes is twelve)

Hebrews 8 spells out how Jesus is the greater Moses.

In short, it is because the covenant that Jesus offers is greater than the covenant Moses offered. Moses could never save anybody. Jesus can. Which leads us to the fact that Jesus is the greater sacrifice.

Hebrews 9:15

Therefore he is the mediator of a new covenant, so that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance since a death has occurred that redeems them from the transgressions committed under the first covenant. 

Hebrews 10:1-18

Religion is the continual performing of acts to appease God. This is the ultimate death of religion. There is nothing more that needs to be done! When Jesus made the Passover sacrifice he then SAT DOWN. He declared IT IS FINISHED! There will never be another sacrifice in the sight of God because Jesus is ENOUGH. This leads us to the great SO WHAT that follows.

Hebrews 10:19-25