15 September 2021
Series: Recharge
Book: Mark

The Real Purpose of Jesus

Bible Passage: Mark 10:32-52

Join Austin and Jonathan as we talk about misconceptions people in our culture have about Jesus’ real purpose on earth.

Discussion Question: What do people in our society say the purpose of the life of Jesus was?

Austin’s Notes

Clarifying Christ’s Purpose From the Old Testament

Background

In our sermon this Sunday we talked about submitting to Christ purpose for our lives instead of ours.  The topic came up because we continue to see basically everybody missing the purpose of Christ.  Even after Christ has literally told His disciples on three different occasions that He was going to Jerusalem to die and rise from the grave; even after Peter, James and John had witnessed Christ’s transfiguration and the Father telling them ‘THIS IS MY SON, LISTEN TO HIM;” they still don’t LISTEN TO HIM!  They were all so blinded by the purpose they wanted Christ to have they couldn’t see the one He continued to tell them was His purpose.

So as usual, Mark tells us about a miracle that Jesus performed that point us to the problem and the solution.  The underlying issue to all the problems that are surfacing is their spiritual blindness.  Therefore, on the way to Jerusalem Jesus heals a blind man not only to highlight what he was just teaching them about serving, but also to highlight the blindness of the disciples and there need for Him to heal them!  Instead of walking around with all this confidence that they had figured out who Jesus is and what His purpose is, they needed to realize they were still totally blind to His purpose; they really didn’t truly understand who He was; and thus should have been crying out to Jesus the way the blind man did to be healed!

But there is something else in the story of the healing of Bartimaeus that I didn’t have time to dive into much and it has to do with what He called Jesus, that is the title he used in referencing Jesus.  Let me read you the text and let you see it first.

46 And they came to Jericho. And as he was leaving Jericho with his disciples and a great crowd, Bartimaeus, a blind beggar, the son of Timaeus, was sitting by the roadside. 47 And when he heard that it was Jesus of Nazareth, he began to cry out and say, “Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!” 48 And many rebuked him, telling him to be silent. But he cried out all the more, “Son of David, have mercy on me!” (Mark 10:46-48)

Bartimaeus had an understanding of the purpose of Christ in calling him “Jesus, Son of David.”  It’s the first time somebody has called Jesus this in Mark’s Gospel.  So, what does it mean?

Hendriksen & Kistemaker make a great case that when Bartimaeus calls him “Son of David” he was referring to the Messiah – “As far as is known, in pre-Christian literature the designation “Son of David” as a title for the Messiah occurs only in the pseudepigraphical Psalms of Solomon 17:21. Though there are those who deny that Bartimaeus is using the term in the Messianic sense, the probability is that he did so intend it, for on the basis of Mark 11:9, 10; 12:35–37 … it is clear that during Christ’s ministry on earth “Son of David” and “Messiah” had become synonyms. Otherwise how can one satisfactorily explain the indignation of the chief priests and the scribes when the children were honoring Jesus with the title “Son of David” (Matt. 21:15, 16)? Now the fact that Bartimaeus addressed Jesus as “Son of David” does not mean that he fully appreciated the spiritual character of Jesus’ messiahship. It does, however, indicate that he was among the few who were able to give a better answer to the question, “Who do the people say that the Son of man is?” than was given by the people in general (Mark 8:28).”1

“Hearing of Jesus, Bartimaeus cries out, “ ‘Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!’ ” Ever since the promise of 2 Sam 7:11–14 that God would raise up an offspring to David and “establish the throne of his kingdom forever,” pious Israelites had awaited a Davidic descendant as Messiah. The actual title “Son of David” first appears in the middle of the first century b.c. in Pss. Sol. 17:21. There, however, it refers to a warrior king who will punish sinners, whereas here it refers to one who will have mercy on them. Bartimaeus’s determined hailing of Jesus as “Son of David” carries explicit messianic overtones and shows that he looks to him as the Messiah who can bring healing and wholeness.”2

Certainly, Jesus said He was going to return as JUDGE; and it is clear that He is going to cast Satan, his demons and all the unrepented and unbelieving sinners into Hell! BUT, the PURPOSE of the MESSIAH was not to save God’s people by ridding them of sinners, but to save God’s people by rescuing them from SIN!

So what we want to do for the rest of our time tonight is not point out how the First Century Jews were so blind to the actual PURPOSE OF CHRIST, but rather go back into the Old Testament to show what they should have seen!  We want to look at two prominent Old Testament passages that should have made it real clear what we the Messiah was coming to do.  The first passage is where the concept of the Messiah being the “Son of David” really got started.  

2 Samuel 7:1-14

1 Now when the king lived in his house and the LORD had given him rest from all his surrounding enemies, 2 the king said to Nathan the prophet, “See now, I dwell in a house of cedar, but the ark of God dwells in a tent.” 3 And Nathan said to the king, “Go, do all that is in your heart, for the LORD is with you.” 4 But that same night the word of the LORD came to Nathan, 5 “Go and tell my servant David, ‘Thus says the LORD: Would you build me a house to dwell in? 6 I have not lived in a house since the day I brought up the people of Israel from Egypt to this day, but I have been moving about in a tent for my dwelling. 7 In all places where I have moved with all the people of Israel, did I speak a word with any of the judges of Israel, whom I commanded to shepherd my people Israel, saying, “Why have you not built me a house of cedar?”‘ 8 Now, therefore, thus you shall say to my servant David, ‘Thus says the LORD of hosts, I took you from the pasture, from following the sheep, that you should be prince over my people Israel. 9 And I have been with you wherever you went and have cut off all your enemies from before you. And I will make for you a great name, like the name of the great ones of the earth. 10 And I will appoint a place for my people Israel and will plant them, so that they may dwell in their own place and be disturbed no more. And violent men shall afflict them no more, as formerly, 11 from the time that I appointed judges over my people Israel. And I will give you rest from all your enemies. Moreover, the LORD declares to you that the LORD will make you a house. 12When your days are fulfilled and you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your offspring after you, who shall come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. 13 He shall build a house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. 14 I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son. When he commits iniquity, I will discipline him with the rod of men, with the stripes of the sons of men, 15but my steadfast love will not depart from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away from before you. 16 And your house and your kingdom shall be made sure forever before me. Your throne shall be established forever.'” 17 In accordance with all these words, and in accordance with all this vision, Nathan spoke to David. (2 Samuel 7:1-14)

Big idea is the Messiah’s Kingdom, house (all the redeemed) and throne will be the one that is forever!

Transition – Verse 14 (When he commits iniquity, I will discipline him with the rod of men, with the stripes of the sons of men) points to God’s discipline of Solomon if Solomon rebelled, but it also takes us to what the Messiah was going to do for us in taking the “rod of men” and the “stripes of the sons of men.”

Isaiah 53

To set the stage let me remind you what Jesus said His purpose was in going to Jerusalem as the Messiah; The Son of David.  Keep these words in your mind because we are then going to back to a passage in the Old Testament that should have immediately come to the minds of the disciples.  It’s a passage that every Jew who attended synagogue would have been very familiar with.  But first let me read you what Jesus said in our passage this Sunday that should have brought it to mind!

And taking the twelve again, he began to tell them what was to happen to him, 33saying, “See , we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be delivered over to the chief priests and the scribes, and they will condemn him to death and deliver him over to the Gentiles. 34 And they will mock him and spit on him and flog him and kill him. And after three days he will rise.” (Mark 10:31-34)

45 For even the Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.” (Mark 10:45)

1 Who has believed what he has heard from us? And to whom has the arm of the LORD been revealed? 2 For he grew up before him like a young plant, and like a root out of dry ground; he had no form or majesty that we should look at him, and no beauty that we should desire him. 3 He was despised and rejected by men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief; and as one from whom men hide their faces he was despised, and we esteemed him not. 4 Surely he has borne our griefs and carried our sorrows; yet we esteemed him stricken, smitten by God, and afflicted. 5 But he was wounded for our transgressions; he was crushed for our iniquities; upon him was the chastisement that brought us peace, and with his stripes we are healed. 6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned–every one–to his own way; and the LORD has laid on him the iniquity of us all.7 He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth; like a lamb that is led to the slaughter, and like a sheep that before its shearers is silent, so he opened not his mouth. 8 By oppression and judgment he was taken away; and as for his generation, who considered that he was cut off out of the land of the living, stricken for the transgression of my people? 9 And they made his grave with the wicked and with a rich man in his death, although he had done no violence, and there was no deceit in his mouth. 10 Yet it was the will of the LORD to crush him; he has put him to grief; when his soul makes an offering for guilt, he shall see his offspring; he shall prolong his days; the will of the LORD shall prosper in his hand. 11 Out of the anguish of his soul he shall see and be satisfied; by his knowledge shall the righteous one, my servant, make many to be accounted righteous, and he shall bear their iniquities. 12 Therefore I will divide him a portion with the many, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong, because he poured out his soul to death and was numbered with the transgressors; yet he bore the sin of many, and makes intercession for the transgressors. (Isaiah 53)

Big idea – Jesus continually told His disciples He was going to die.  His purpose was clearly communicated in the Old Testament. 

The problem was that Israel thought their greatest problem was the sinful Romans as opposed to their own sin!

Conclusion 

God’s purpose is to save you from sin, are you joining Him in that or are you satisfied with Sin?  We are going to go deeper into this subject next Wed, so for now I just want to challenge at the 35,000-feet level of whether or not you are recognizing God’s purpose in your life as saving you from sin or if you are doing everything possible to get it to be something else; something, that like the Disciples, is not on the radar for Jesus!

 

Footnotes

  1. Hendriksen, W., & Kistemaker, S. J. (1953–2001). Exposition of the Gospel According to Mark (Vol. 10, pp. 419–420). Grand Rapids: Baker Book House.
  2. Edwards, J. R. (2002). The Gospel according to Mark (p. 330). Grand Rapids, MI; Leicester, England: Eerdmans; Apollos.